There is also an array of surgical techniques that can benefit patients with severe gum
disease. These include flap surgery, gingivectomy, and gingivoplasty.
What is flap surgery?
If scaling and root planing has failed to treat your infection successfully, your periodontist may recommend flap surgery. They will pull back the gum tissue, allowing access to the tooth roots and underlying bony structures
Once they have thoroughly cleaned the tooth roots and carried out repairs to the bone tissue, they will stitch the gum flap back into place and cover it with a surgical dressing.
What is a gingivectomy?
A gingivectomy involves trimming and resealing the gum tissue to close deep pockets and prevent recurring infection. Any diseased tissue is removed, and the remaining tissue stitched back into place. Your dentist will finish by covering the area with a surgical dressing.
What is a gingivoplasty?
A dentist may recommend a gingivoplasty if an infection has caused tissue damage.
In the case of severe tissue loss, we can graft tissue from elsewhere — often the roof of your mouth — to rebuild and reshape the gums. In other cases, we may be able to sculpt your remaining gum tissue without a graft.
Patients can also undergo a gingivoplasty if they are dissatisfied with the aesthetic appearance of their gums. In this case, it is often referred to as gum re-contouring.
Is periodontal treatment uncomfortable?
We will administer a local anaesthetic using our computer-aided injection technology before any periodontal surgery. You should not feel any discomfort during the procedure, but your gums may be tender when the anaesthesia wears off.
How should I care for my gums after surgery?
Following periodontal surgery, you may experience some discomfort, swelling, or bleeding. You can manage any tenderness with over-the-counter painkillers.
Continue to brush and floss your teeth every day but be very gentle and purchase a soft-bristle toothbrush to avoid aggravating your gums. You can also rinse your mouth with an antibacterial mouthwash or salt-water solution to aid healing.
Your dentist may provide you with antibiotics or painkillers to take after your surgery.
Try and refrain from smoking. Not only can smoking contribute to the development of gum disease, but it can also severely inhibit the body’s natural healing ability.
The primary goal of a prosthodontist is to enhance the aesthetic appearance and
functionality of a patient’s teeth.
A prosthodontist specialises in the design, production, and placement of artificial tooth replacements such as dental crowns, bridges, dentures, and implants, as well as other cosmetic procedures.
They have undergone specialised training to help patients with conditions such as a cleft palate, temporomandibular joint syndrome, or a sleep disorder. They can also perform reconstructive dental work following a facial injury or oral cancer surgery.
If you have a missing, damaged, stained, or misshapen tooth, you can visit a prosthodontist to have it restored or replaced.
Endodontics is the branch of dentistry dedicated to treatments for saving teeth that have
become infected. While an endodontist is trained in several different procedures, the most
common and well known of these is root canal treatment. A specialist will use a
microscope to carefully replace the dental pulp.
What is the dental pulp?
The soft tissue at the centre of a tooth is medically referred to as the dental pulp. This tissue contains the tooth’s blood vessels and nerve endings.
How does the pulp become infected?
A tooth becomes infected when bacteria penetrate the surface and attack the pulp. Dental pulp can become infected for several reasons. Tooth decay creates cavities in the teeth that can allow bacteria to enter the central pulp chamber.